1. Stem Stitch: This is a line stitch used for outlining designs, especially stems and leaves. It can also be used for filling small designs by working several lines side by side. Work should be done from the bottom upwards each time taking a stitch almost vertically down, but with a slight slant. While working the stitches thread should be held down with your thumb away from the stitching line.
Loosen the thumb screw and run the machine holding the thread end loosely. Make sure that the thread winds on the bobbin evenly and that you do not fill the bobbin too full. In most machines the winding will stop automatically when the bobbin is wound about three-fourth full.